Neuroplastin Modulates Anti-inflammatory Effects of MANF
December 18, 2020
iScience Volume 23, ISSUE 12, 101810, December 18, 2020, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2020.101810
Identification of Neuroplastin (NPTN) as receptor of MANF polypeptide by LRC-TriCEPS. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is known to induce pro-inflammatory response and ultimately leads to cell death. Mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) is an ER-localized protein whose expression and secretion is induced by ER stress and a crucial survival factor. However, the underlying mechanism of how MANF exerts its cytoprotective activity remains unclear due to the lack of knowledge of its receptor. Here we show that Neuroplastin (NPTN) is such a receptor for MANF. Biochemical analysis shows the physiological interaction between MANF and NPTN on the cell surface. Binding of MANF to NPTN mitigates the inflammatory response and apoptosis via suppression of NF-kβ signaling. Our results demonstrate that NPTN is a cell surface receptor for MANF, which modulates inflammatory responses and cell death, and that the MANF-NPTN survival signaling described here provides potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of ER stress-related disorders, including diabetes mellitus, neurodegeneration, retinal degeneration, and Wolfram syndrome.
Takuya Yagi, Rie Asada, Kohsuke Kanekura, Ave Eesmaa, Maria Lindahl, Mart Saarma, Fumihiko Urano